CBSCharles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is the experience of complex visual hallucinations in a person with partial or severe blindness. First described by Charles Bonnet in 1760, it was first introduced into English-speaking psychiatry in 1982.

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DavidsonMore than two million medical students, doctors and other health professionals from around the globe have owned a copy of Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine since it was first published. Today’s readers rely on this beautifully illustrated text to provide up-to-date detail of contemporary medical practice, presented in a style that is concise and yet easy to read. Davidson’s provides the factual knowledge required to practise medicine, explaining it in the context of underlying principles, basic science and research evidence, and shows how to apply this knowledge to the management of patients who present with problems rather than specific diseases. The book has won numerous prizes including being highly commended in the British Medical Association book awards.
Davidson’s global perspective is enhanced by the input of an international team of authors and a distinguished International Advisory Board from 17 countries. Building on the foundations laid down by its original editor, Davidson’s remains one of the world’s leading and most respected textbooks of medicine.

Salter-Harris classification is used to describe fractures involving the epiphyseal (growth) plate of a bone. This type of fractures are commonly found in children. An easy way to remember the types is:
Salter I: Through physeal plate only
Salter II: Involves metaphysis and physis
Salter III: Involves physis and epiphysis
Salter IV: Extends from metaphysis through physis, into epiphysis
Salter V: Axial force crushes physeal plate

Note: there are an additional 4 types which were added to the original classification, making it a total of 9 types. You can read about them here.

Macleod, 13eThis classic textbook sets out clearly and concisely how to evaluate symptoms and elicit relevant physical signs. It describes the practical skills which every clinician must acquire and develop in order to evolve diagnostic procedures and management strategies and plans. ‘Highly Commended’ in the 2006 and 2010 BMA Medical Book Competitions, this Thirteenth Edition contains over 500 clinical photographs and diagrams to illustrate the text, with new topics added to make the book even more comprehensive.

This Thirteenth Edition has four sections:

  • History taking and general examination.
  • System examination covering symptoms and signs.
  • Examination in special situations including babies & children and the critically ill.
  • Assessing clinical examination techniques


The mini–mental state examination (MMSE) or Folstein test is a brief 30-point questionnaire test that is used to screen for cognitive impairment. It is commonly used in medicine to screen for dementia. It is also used to estimate the severity of cognitive impairment and to follow the course of cognitive changes in an individual over time, thus making it an effective way to document an individual’s response to treatment.
In about 10 minutes it samples functions including arithmetic, memory and orientation. Any score greater than or equal to 25 points (out of 30) indicates a normal cognition. Below this, scores can indicate severe (≤9 points), moderate (10-18 points) or mild (19-24 points) cognitive impairment.

Back to SchoolThis year school starts on September, 28th and it is serious! There is no joking around this year. We have 11 classes in 2133 pages of handouts. That is a lot of pages, bigger than a major textbook. Even the top 10 students said that the material was too much to cover. We also have clinical examinations every two weeks. So it is going to be a tough year. But the good news is, we only have one year to go after this one. Here are the classes in descending order according to their units:

Here are the entire lectures:
5th Year Lectures

This is the index of the lectures:
Index of Fifth Year Lectures

This is the schedule of the theoretical lectures:
Schedule of Theoretical Lectures

This is the schedule of the clinical sessions:
Schedule of Clinical Sessions

Good luck 😉

Bates' Guide to Physical Examination and History TakingThe 11th edition of the pre-eminent textbook on physical examination contains foundational content to guide students’ approaches to history taking, interviewing, and other core assessment skills, as well as fully illustrated, step-by-step techniques that outline correct performance of physical examination. The book features a vibrant full-color art program and an easy-to-follow two-column format with step-by-step examination techniques on the left and abnormalities with differential diagnoses on the right. The comprehensive, evidence-based content is intended for medical students, high-level nursing education and practice markets, as well as related health professions such as physician assistants.

New for this edition:

  • Content has been fully revised and updated to reflect the most recent health care literature.
  • More than 200 new and revised photographs and drawings have been added to better illustrate key points in the accompanying text.
  • Design and layout has been revised to increase discoverability of core material and special assessment tips.
  • Techniques of interviewing chapter has been reorganized to provide clearer insights into the skills of empathic listening.