Now in its Sixth Edition, Surgical Recall is a rapid-fire question-and-answer review for surgical clerkship students and third or fourth year medical students needing surgery review for the USMLE. Written in concise question-and-answer format—double-column, question on the left, answer on the right—Surgical Recall addresses both general surgery and surgical sub-specialties. Students on rotation, or being PIMPed, can quickly refer to Surgical Recall for accurate and on-the-spot answers. The book includes survival tactics and tips for success on the boards and wards as well as key information for the new person in the surgical suite.
Here are the slides and the lectures of this week and the last one, some of the slides may not be clear but it is not my fault. I tried my best to capture them as clear as possible. Happy Holidays 😉
Here are some simple suffixes that might help you identify the action of a certain drug even if you haven’t heard of it:
||Explanation & Exmaple
||phenothiazine-like antipsychotics (e.g., chlorpromazine)
||volatile general anesthetics (e.g., halothane)
||antianxiety drugs (e.g., diazepam)
||barbiturate sedative hypnotic drugs (e.g., phenobarbital)
||local anesthetics (e.g., cocaine)
||penicillins (e.g., nafcillin)
||tetracycline-type antibiotics (e.g., doxycycline)
||β-blockers (e.g., propranolol)
||ACE inhibitors (e.g., captopril)
||HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (e.g., lovastatin)
||postpynaptic α-receptor blockers (e.g., terazosin)
Here is also a link to the list of medical roots, prefixes and suffixes from Wikipedia
Source: USMLE Phamacology Recall, 2nd Edition
Unless you are from the ice age, you must have heard of PDF files. PDF stands for “Portable Document Format”, it is a document file format created by Adobe. What is great about this format is that unlike other document formats, this one is independent of application software, hardware and operating system. This means that once you convert your files to PDF, it doesn’t matter what fonts or graphics you use, what operating system you use, or what device you use… You are going to get the same file layout everywhere in the world. You can read a PDF file on your Windows machine, on your Mac, or on a Linux. You can read it on a mobile phone running Symbian OS, iOS, Android, or Windows Phone. You can even read it online with software like Google Docs. So today we shall review some of the software that can convert your files to PDF. The basic idea about PDF conversion that almost all programs use, is virtual printing. The program creates a virtual printer for you so that you can print (convert) your files into a PDF format from any application with the Print function. Some of the factors that we need to consider in choosing the best virtual printer are speed of conversion, quality of conversion, output size of the PDF and whether or not the software is free. Our contestants are: Adobe PDF printer, PrimoPDF, PDFFill and 7-PDF. The results of the tests were as follows:
Fastest Conversion: PrimoPDF
Slowest Conversion: Adobe PDF
Smallest file size: Adobe PDF
Largest file size: PrimoPDF
Sharpest Image rendering: PrimoPDF
Normal text rendering: Almost the same for all
So in the top choices there are Adobe PDF and PrimoPDF. After printing the PDFs on paper it turns out that the best choice is PrimoPDF. Why PrimoPDF? Well, first it is free unlike Adobe PDF which comes with Adobe Acrobat which is not free. It has several convertion modes and output formats which you can choose according to your needs. It is very simple to use. You can even convert your files by dragging-and-dropping onto the application icon on your desktop. You can download it here.
Last Update: 22/10/2011
Q1) Describe metaplasia, give an example, mention it’s mechanism?
Q2) Write the differences between transudate and exudate and mention the benefits of exudate?
Q1) What are the differences between 1st and 2nd intention healing?
Q2) Enumerate the types of pigment accumulations and describe one of them?
Q1) What are the local and systemic factors that affect healing?
Q2) Enumerate the types of adaptive cell responses and discuss one of them?
Q1) Discuss fatty change in details?
Q2) Enumerate the types of histiocytes?
Q1) Describe the mechanisms of intracellular killing?
Q2) Briefly discuss the intracellular accumulation of iron?
Q1) What is the cause of increased permeability during inflammatory response?
Q2) Describe the role of oxygen in cell injury?